Guide Britain and the American Revolution

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It's been said that Britain actually prospered from losing the war.

The American Revolution Was Just One Battlefront in a Huge World War

Many in Ireland opposed British rule and saw the American Revolution as a lesson to be followed and a set of brothers fighting against Britain. While Ireland had a parliament, only Protestants voted for it and the British could control it, which was far from ideal. Campaigners for reform in Ireland reacted to the struggle in America by organizing groups of armed volunteers and a boycott of British imports. Britain relaxed its trade restrictions on Ireland, so they could trade with British colonies and freely export wool, and reformed the government by allowing non-Anglicans to hold public office.

The American Revolution Documentary

They repealed the Irish Declaratory Act, which had secured Ireland's dependence on Britain while granting full legislative independence. The result was that Ireland remained part of the British Empire. A government that can survive a failed war without pressure is rare, and Britain's failure in the American Revolution led to demands for constitutional reform. The hardcore of government was criticized for the way it had run the war and for the apparent power it had, with fears that Parliament had ceased to represent the views of the people—except for the wealthy—and was simply approving everything the government did.

The American Revolution - The British Library

Some even demanded universal manhood suffrage. The Association Movement had huge power around early , and it achieved widespread support. That did not last long. On Dec. Brudenell wrote from London, to H.


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Howe, who drove the rebel forces from Manhattan, though at great cost. Write to Ciara Nugent at ciara. By Ciara Nugent July 3, The total number of the former provided by quotas from the states throughout the conflict was , men, and the militias totaled , At any given time, however, the American forces seldom numbered over 20,; in there were only about 29, insurgents under arms throughout the country.

Benefits of the American Revolution: An Exploration of Positive Externalities

The war was therefore one fought by small field armies. Militias, poorly disciplined and with elected officers, were summoned for periods usually not exceeding three months. The terms of Continental Army service were only gradually increased from one to three years, and not even bounties and the offer of land kept the army up to strength.

By contrast, the British army was a reliable steady force of professionals. Since it numbered only about 42,, heavy recruiting programs were introduced. Many of the enlisted men were farm boys, as were most of the Americans.

Others were unemployed persons from the urban slums. Still others joined the army to escape fines or imprisonment. The great majority became efficient soldiers as a result of sound training and ferocious discipline. The officers were drawn largely from the gentry and the aristocracy and obtained their commissions and promotions by purchase. Though they received no formal training, they were not so dependent on a book knowledge of military tactics as were many of the Americans.

British generals, however, tended toward a lack of imagination and initiative , while those who demonstrated such qualities often were rash.

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Because troops were few and conscription unknown, the British government, following a traditional policy, purchased about 30, troops from various German princes. The Lensgreve landgrave of Hesse furnished approximately three-fifths of that total.

Causes of the Revolutionary War

Few acts by the crown roused so much antagonism in America as that use of foreign mercenaries.